what is FTP

What is FTP Client?

FTP, or File Transfer Protocol, is a standard network protocol used for transferring files from one host to another over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet. It is commonly used for uploading files from a local computer to a web server, or downloading files from a web server to a local computer. FTP allows users to upload, download, and manage files on a remote server. You must have heard FTP many times and you might thought “What is FTP?”🤔🤨. This guide is the answer to all your questions about FTP. Let’s Begin!🤩

How Does FTP Work?

FTP works on a client-server model. The FTP client is a software application running on a local computer, while the FTP server is a software application running on a remote server. The client initiates a connection to the server and sends commands to perform file transfer operations. The server responds to these commands and facilitates the transfer of files between the client and the server.

Why is FTP important for a Website?

FTP is essential for managing files on a website. It allows website owners to upload new files, such as images, videos, and documents, to their web server. It also enables them to download files from the server, such as log files or backups. Additionally, FTP can be used to edit existing files on the server, making it a versatile tool for website maintenance and updates.

The Best FTP Client Software

There are many free and paid FTP clients for different platforms. They have user-friendly interfaces for managing your files. For uploading and editing your WordPress files, you need an FTP client that’s reliable, secure, and easy to use. Here are a few we recommend:

  • WinSCP (Windows, free)
  • Cyberduck (Windows, Mac, free)
  • Transmit (Mac, free, paid version $34)
  • Free FTP (Windows, free, paid version $39)
  • FileZilla (Windows, Mac, Linux, free) WS_FTP Professional (Windows, from $49)

To learn more about these programs, see our guide on the best FTP clients for Mac and Windows WordPress users.

How to Use FTP in WordPress

WordPress users often use FTP to manage their website files. This includes uploading WordPress core files, themes, and plugins. FTP can also be used to troubleshoot issues with a WordPress site, such as fixing errors in theme or plugin files. Some hosting providers also offer FTP.What is FTP CLient?

Choosing an FTP Client: There are several FTP client software options available, each with its own set of features and capabilities. It’s important to consider factors such as ease of use, security features, and compatibility with your operating system.

Connecting to Your Server: To connect to your server using FTP, you will need to have your FTP login credentials handy. These typically include a username, password, and FTP server address. Once you have this information, you can enter it into your FTP client to establish a connection to your server. What is FTP

Transferring Files: Once connected to your server, you can transfer files between your local computer and the server. This can be done by dragging and dropping files in the FTP client interface or by using the client’s file management features. You can upload files to your server, download files from your server, and perform other file management tasks.

Quick Note: Check our detailed guide on how to use FTP to upload files to a WordPress Site.

Advanced FTP Techniques: Advanced users can use FTP for more complex tasks, such as bulk file uploads, modifying core WordPress files, and securing their FTP connection. These techniques can help streamline website management and improve overall security.


FTP is a powerful tool for managing files on a website. It allows users to upload, download, and manage files on a remote server, making it an essential tool for website owners and developers. By understanding how FTP works and how to use it with WordPress, you can effectively manage your website’s files and ensure that your site runs smoothly.


What is FTP and how does it work?

File transfer protocol (FTP) is a way to download, upload, and transfer files from one location to another on the Internet and between computer systems. FTP enables the transfer of files back and forth between computers or through the cloud. Users require an Internet connection in order to execute FTP transfers.

What are the three types of FTP?

FTP transfer files using any of the following modes:
  • Stream Mode: It is the default mode. …
  • Block Mode: In block mode, the data is transferred from FTP to TCP in the form of blocks, and each block is followed by a 3-byte header. …
  • Compressed Mode: This mode is used to transfer big files.

How is FTP sent?

FTP normally transfers data by having the server connect back to the client, after the PORT command is sent by the client. 

What port is FTP?

FTP is an unusual service in that it utilizes two ports, a ‘data’ port and a ‘command’ port (also known as the control port). Traditionally these are port 21 for the command port and port 20 for the data port.